Data Science Office
February 10, 2022
Ziad Obermeyer, MD | UC Berkeley
Dr. Ziad Obermeyer presents Artificial Intelligence for Clinicians Lecture Series: “Generalizable prediction of sudden cardiac death using ECG waveforms”. Every year, 300-400,000 Americans suffer from sudden cardiac death. Some of these would be preventable with an implanted cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), which restore normal heart rhythm, but the vast majority of deaths lack known risk factors pre-mortem. We draw on a dataset of over 400,000ECGs from a regional health system in Sweden, linked to death certificates, and train a residual neural network to predict sudden cardiac death. In an independent validation set of patients from the same region, we show that our model adds considerable predictive power, both in terms of standard metrics (AUC), and by identifying a large number of high-risk patients lacking traditional risk factors. To investigate whether predictable deaths are also preventable, we show that high-risk patients-and only high-risk patients-who receive a defibrillator have significantly lower mortality. Finally, we apply the model to a completely independent validation set of patients, drawn from the emergency department of the largest hospital in Taiwan, and show that it accurately discriminates patients who go on to suffer cardiac arrest from healthy controls.